As leading spring manufacturers, we keep our fingers on the pulse with everything going on in the manufacturing and engineering industries.

We regularly update our news page with industry roundups, so it’s the best place to find out about current trends, announcements and information on the future of our industry.

We’ve just completed our half year figures which show an impressive 20% growth on last year. Over the last 12 months, we have endured tough, restrictive lockdowns, however we’re delighted to have recorded nearly 10% growth over 2019, which makes it a record breaking year!

Here’s a look at what’s been happening in manufacturing from January to June 2021.

“UK manufacturing growth at 30-year high”, says PMI survey

Engineer Working on Desktop Computer, Screen Showing CAD Software with Engine 3D Model, Her Male Project Manager Explains Job Specifics. Industrial Design Engineering Facility Office

According to the survey, UK manufacturing is growing at its fastest rate for almost 30 years as the easing of lockdown unleashes new demand.

The IHS Markit/CIPS Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) reached a high last month of 65.6, up from 60.9 in April. Any reading above 50 signifies growth, and April’s statistics were the highest on record since the survey began in 1992.

IHS director Rob Dobson comments that “growth is being boosted by the unlocking of economies from Covid restrictions and ongoing vaccination programmes. This is being felt across the globe, as highlighted by a record rise in new export business during the latest survey month”.

Businesses have highlighted shortages of electronics, plastics and metals, and there were also delays in transportation. This has led to the highest rise in the cost of supplies since 1992, forcing manufacturers to increase prices.

The number of online transactions and the demand for products has also been record-breaking since lockdown, but what does this mean for manufacturing? While smart manufacturing has already enabled streamlined processes, demand and growth in online shopping have certainly boosted the manufacturing industry, but there are also signs that suppliers are struggling to keep up with demand.

Find out more about the impact of online shopping on manufacturing in our blog, which looks into the positive effects of this consumer behaviour, new norms, and increased demand online.

Manufacturing industry calls for targeted sectoral approach on Apprenticeship funding

Britain’s manufacturers are calling on the Government to adopt a rethink on how apprenticeship levy money can be spent to boost essential skills in rapidly growing industries like manufacturing and engineering.

47% of manufacturers recruited an engineering or manufacturing apprentice during the pandemic, with 57% saying they will do so again next year.

Engineer Showing Apprentice How To Measure CAD Drawings

However, the latest figures show that £1,039 million of levy funds expired unused in the nine months from May 2020, wasting investment money that could have been spent providing vital training following the Covid-19 pandemic.

This money must be unlocked to train apprentices with the necessary skills to create well-paid jobs across the UK.

By welcoming apprentices every year, we see the benefits of having a development plan in place, and many of our qualified apprentices continue to develop their skills as spring technicians. It’s essential to strengthen our knowledge and introduce more diverse skillsets into our workplace, including preparing for future growth within manufacturing.

The Engineer: Modern engineering needs AI

Computer-aided engineering (CAE) plays an integral role within design, extending beyond structural validation to predict every aspect of physics, including the behaviour of constituent materials and the suitability of manufacturing processes.

AI is shifting the focus and role of engineers as they have more data at their fingertips than ever before! The Future of Jobs report (2020) noted that employers see skill groups as rising in prominence in the lead up to 2025, including critical thinking, analysis, problem-solving, and skills in self-management — such as active learning and resilience, stress tolerance and flexibility.

Data scientists. Male programmer using laptop analyzing and developing in various information on futuristic virtual interface screen. Algorithm. marketing and deep learning of artificial intelligence

When thinking about integrating AI into engineering, you must consider a complete set of steps that includes data preparation, modelling, simulation and test, and deployment.

At European Springs, we’ve implemented automation into our process in a considerable way. Using the latest CNC automated spring coilers and wire forming equipment in the industry, we can create bespoke solutions for pressings, wire forms and stampings. Take a look at our blog on the future of engineering.

UK the second-largest defence exporter in the world

The UK is the second-largest defence exporter globally after the US, accounting for 16% of the global market and with 207,000 jobs supported by the industry.

According to the Make UK and Raytheon UK report, global defence and aerospace exports are valued at around £12bn. This is equivalent to almost 5% of total UK manufacturing output.

Here at European Springs, we’re proud to offer our services to the defence industry. We design and manufacture various parts for next-generation airborne smart decoys, high spec electrical connectors, Eurofighters and much more.

Take a look at our blog, how European Springs work with the defence industry to find out more about the parts we create for these high powered systems and equipment.

‘Green jobs windfall’: Government hails £180m investment in offshore wind manufacturing hubs

double exposure wind turbine and oil refinery investment stock graph concept.

The UK’s offshore wind industry has received a significant boost, with two leading suppliers announcing plans to expand their manufacturing capacity in the North East — it’s a move that will create and safeguard over 1,000 green jobs.

Offshore wind components manufacturers SeAH Wind Ltd and Smulders Projects UK confirmed they are to invest over £180m in expanding their production capacity after securing grant funding from the government’s £160m Offshore Wind Manufacturing Investment Support scheme.

SeAH Wind Ltd will receive funding towards a new £117m monopile foundation factory at the Able Marine Energy Park on the Humber, which will create up to 750 direct jobs by 2030.

Meanwhile, Smulders Projects UK are to receive funding towards a £70m investment for new equipment and infrastructure, enabling the manufacture of offshore wind turbine transition pieces, creating up to 325 direct jobs.

We frequently update our news page with industry roundups, so check in regularly to find out what’s been going on in the UK manufacturing industry.

We’re dedicated to offering the highest level of service at competitive prices, and with a planned expansion on our current operations, the future for European Springs and Pressings looks bright.

Take a look at our stock catalogue for more information on our range of springs and forms. Alternatively, if you’d like to make an enquiry, please get in touch, we’d love to hear from you.

As spring manufacturers, we must keep up with the latest news, movements and events within our industry.

We’re delighted to announce that we will be attending the DSEI (Defence & Security Equipment International) from 14 – 17 September 2021 at ExCeL London. The decision to proceed follows close consultation and discussions with the UK Government and industry stakeholders.

The DSEI is one of the world’s largest arms fairs. It’s hosted in London Docklands every two years and is attended by arms company representatives and military delegations from around the world.

In preparation for European Springs attending the show in September, we’ll provide you with information about the show, what to look out for this year, as well as our involvement.

If you’re interested in attending the event as a visitor, register now.

Excel Centre, East London January 2 2021: exterior view of the Excel Centre.

European Springs Powering Progress at DSEI 2021

Attending events and exhibits each year is important to us. We’ve been established as an industry leader for over 70 years, so we need to continue learning and building relationships to prepare for future growth within manufacturing.

Here at European Springs, we manufacture our high standard products to work with a range of customers across a wide variety of industries, including healthcare, off-shore, the defence industry, electric power and much more.

At our stand, you can expect to gain insight into one of the largest stamping and spring manufacturers in the UK. We’ll be happy to answer any questions on our in-house facilities, including the design, prototyping and assembly production manufacture of our products.

CNC lathe machine or Turning machine chucking the steel cone shape rod. Hi technology manufacturing process.

We see considerable benefits in networking with others to develop our knowledge and integrate with other businesses across various industries.

Multi-Domain Integration Focus for 2021

DSEI 2021 will centre around integration as the UK Ministry of Defence, British Army, Royal Navy, Royal Air Force and UK Strategic Command work to develop and maintain organic integration at all levels across all domains.

As British forces continue to modernise and meet the demands of the information age, they do so with the understanding that the future battlefield requires integration across land, sea, air, cyber and space. Under the theme of ‘Integrated Response to Future Threats’, DSEI 2021 will spotlight supporting this strategic shift with input from industry, academia, international partners and delegates.

As the only event to integrate each pillar of national security and defence, DSEI connects governments, national armed forces, industry thought leaders and the entire defence and security supply chain on a global scale.

City of London at sunset. Illustration with communication and business icons, network connections concept.

The exhibit will be split into zones for aerospace, land, naval, security and ‘the joint zone’ which will feature the latest products and innovations servicing the whole Defence and Security Community. The show offers a valuable networking opportunity, as well as a unique platform for business through live-action demonstrations.

You will also have access to four hubs, including the new future tech hub, manufacturing hub, medical and space hub. The complete DSEI exhibitor list is available to view here.

Why should you visit the DSEI?

Attending the DSEI gives you access to the global marketplace. With a 95% visitor satisfaction rate, the show is an essential opportunity to explore international business opportunities.

Here at European Springs, we believe the exhibition is a great opportunity network with peers and industry professionals and learn from other like-minded exhibitors and sponsors.

It’s no surprise that 94% of visitors say DSEI is important for their business. You can meet with suppliers and talk one-to-one with industry experts, as well as gain access to equipment, products, and the latest technologies.

You can find more information about how to attend DSEI and what to expect on their website. We hope to see you there!

As part of the Lesjöfors Group, Metrol Springs will also be attending the event.


As an experienced spring manufacturer, we see many uses for our springs throughout the transport sector, particularly within the rail industry.

Custom springs are used frequently throughout the rail network for suspension systems, pistons and as supports. In this blog, we’ll explore how springs are a vital component in trains and their functionality.

Springs and Bogie Systems in Trains

The hydraulics system within trains helps them to run smoothly along the tracks. The weight of a train is supported by a hydraulic system which creates a sliding movement with little friction and abrasion

Engineering within the rail industry has come a long way. From early steam trains to fully spring-reliant electric systems.

In the UK, most trains use bogies to guide the carriages along the tracks. The bogie of a train is the undercarriage and usually has four to six wheels pivoted beneath the end of the vehicle. It is divided into the frame, the bolster, the pivot pin, the wheel assembly, roller bearing, the brake beams, brake block, brake levers and brake cylinders, all of which are vital to the structure of the bogie.

Wheels of a freight railway car close-up. Russia

These systems have been developed and improved over years of design and testing. Bogie suspension systems were implemented because the space between the body of the train and the wheel needed a ‘cushion’ to reduce vibrations for passengers. By mounting a leaf steel spring on the axles, engineers have developed a bogie system with a more sophisticated suspension.

Primary Suspension System and Dashpot Arrangement

The primary suspension is made up of a standard spring-damper system that supports the carriage’s structural suspension and entire train. These damper systems are present in every bogie existing between the axle box and the bogie.

The primary suspension component in a bogie is through a dashpot arrangement, which comprises of a cylinder piston. The lower spring seat acts as a cylinder, and the axle box guide serves as a piston.

Wheelset mechanism of railway cars

The bogie bolster, or support, is the central section of the area and will carry the majority of the coach weight. The bogie pivots around using the pin, which is centred and uses parts of the secondary suspension system, typically coil springs and a spring plank.

Dashpots can also be found within door closers to prevent them from slamming shut, as well as in shock absorbers in electrical switch gears, and so much more.

Secondary Suspension System

The secondary suspension connects the carriage’s body with the bogie and ensures the comfort of passengers — isolating the vehicle from vibrations transmitted from the track.

Air springs also help to reduce lower frequency range accelerations in the body of the train. The role of secondary suspension is to function as a pneumatic suspension. This type of suspension is also used in freight trains to keep cargo as secure as possible.

Senior man enjoying a train travel - leaving his car at home, he savours the time spent travelling, looks out of the window, has time to admire the landscape, use his smart phone to catch up with family

Bolster Support in Suspension Systems

The arrangement of the secondary suspension system is through the bolster springs. The bogie bolster is not structurally attached to the bogie frame. It is, however, connected through the anchor link, which is a tubular structure with cylindrical ends.

The anchor link is fixed to the bolster and the bogie frame with the assistance of brackets. Both ends of the anchor link form a hinge that allows movement of the bolster when the train is in transit.

If your business works within the rail industry and you’re looking for a custom spring manufacturer capable of meeting your business requirements, please contact us to start a conversation or look at our spring brochure for a more details of the products we stock.

We design and manufacture a complete selection of constant force springs that can be used for various applications, across virtually every industry, from healthcare to aerospace and within general household items.

This blog will look at what a constant force spring is, common applications and how we design these widely used mechanisms.

What is a Constant Force Spring? 

Constant force springs (or constant torque springs) get their name because their force of motion is at constant exertion. The load is determined by the width and thickness of the material and the diameter of the coil.

The tightly wound roll works in a linear movement and does not obey Hooke’s law (F=kX) but constantly produces force throughout its deflection.

These springs provide a smooth range of motion and a constant load in extending or retracting. The full load of the spring is reached after being deflected to a length equal to 1.25 times its diameter and it can sustain a constant force regardless of the extension length.

Constant force springs can be fitted in a variety of ways and extended either partly or completely, which allows them to be used for a range of applications because of the lack of limitations on extension speed and acceleration.

Fitting a Constant Force Spring 

The fitting can be completed in a number of ways. For long extensions, the spring must be laterally guided to prevent movement in a sideways direction — suitable play on each side is 0.5 – 1.5 mm. 

When fitting on a bearing or conduit, the spring can be located using its own force providing that sufficient strip length remains on the bearing. If there is no operating extension limit in the application, we recommend that a screw or rivet is used to secure the inner end of the spring.

Our standard springs and slide bearings are normally supplied separately. Fitting is done by loosening the outer end of the spring and winding it onto the bearing (securing it if necessary), after which the complete spring is wound onto the bearing.

Constant Force Spring Applications  

A constant force spring is an excellent device for applications where a constant load is required. The many benefits of these springs make them suitable for a number of applications. 

The spring itself has a small space requirement which allows it to provide a smooth range of motion. With no inertia to overcome, constant force springs are very versatile and can mount to existing hardware, as well as create a counterbalancing effect. 

Constant force springs are widely used across the medical and healthcare industries to improve surgical devices. They are also used regularly in aviation to deploy and retract aircraft doors and efficiently counterbalance aeroplane windows.

You will also find constant force springs in many day-to-day applications, such as door closers, hairdryers, gym equipment, electric motors, cabinet furniture components and much more.

Innovative Design and Technology 

We’ve been designing springs for over 70 years, and so our range is exceptionally varied and technologically advanced. Besides our standard range, we can provide customised solutions using design capabilities that feature our advanced, proprietary spring design software.

Our software package has been developed in-house and we can simulate any type of application, which enables us to calculate the force required for your particular design. 

Our regular constant force springs are wrapped on a drum with the free end attached to the loading force. However, your preferred mounting method will impact the way we design your spring.

Our skilled design team can help by determining a suitable method to rule out any problems, even if you haven’t decided upon the exact specifications.

As an experienced spring manufacturer, we have the expertise to create a whole host of springs perfect for any application within any industry.

Take a look at our stock catalogue for more information on our range of springs and forms. Alternatively, get in touch with us directly at, we’d love to hear from you.

As an experienced spring manufacturer, we see many uses for springs throughout the medical industry, and it’s fair to say that the sector would be very different without them. Most of the equipment and systems used on a day to day basis require springs to operate efficiently.

We’re proud to manufacture and supply a wide range of medical stampings for the healthcare industry. In this blog, we’ll discuss some of the most common uses of springs within this sector, including how gas springs are used and how prosthetics are made.

Medical Stampings for the Healthcare Industry

Medical components are always designed and manufactured with the highest quality in mind. With smart technology and streamlined processes, the whole sector relies on products to help patients and continue research.

Bespoke stampings, gas springs and compression springs are all used regularly throughout the healthcare industry. While medical engineering uses slightly different components, they have similar designs and features, including the requirement to comply with industry standards.

Gas Springs Applications in the Medical Industry

Due to their versatility, gas springs can be applied to a wide range of equipment and adjustable applications in the healthcare industry.

The spring itself is made up of a cylindrical body filled with nitrogen gas, a piston rod, a seal and a guiding function that allows the mechanism to extend and compress as required.

Below, we’ve listed some of the most popular uses for our gas spring and strut range:

  1. Flow control valves
  2. Healthcare beds
  3. Physiotherapy beds
  4. Pressure regulators
  5. Patient trolley systems
  6. Positive pressure ventilator
  7. CPAP machines
  8. Robotic-assisted surgery

Springs in Prosthetics

Progress in engineering and manufacturing has allowed artificial limbs and joints to change the lives of millions of people worldwide, and the field of medical prosthetics is still advancing.

Prosthetics date back to over 3,000 years ago in Egypt, where archaeologists discovered a carved wooden toe with a piece of leather that fits onto a foot. In the 16th century, Ambroise Paré, an innovative French battlefield surgeon, created the first functional mechanical limb — a hand with flexible fingers that worked with catches and springs.

The 19th century saw the creation of articulated prosthetic limbs, and while prosthetic limbs have existed for a long time, their use rose dramatically in the UK after World War I.

Manufacturers of medical prosthetics continue to break boundaries, creating life-like limbs that combine aesthetics with functionality.

The Technology of Today

3D-printed prosthetics are becoming more common due to the nature of them being less cost-prohibitive. They can easily be designed for each individual and are a necessity for developing countries where most citizens can’t afford expensive medical prosthetics.

Award-winning company Open Bionics are known for turning children with limb differences into bionic heroes with their fascinating 3D-printed limbs. The UK-based company also works closely with the NHS, working to help amputees write, walk, and shake hands again.

With over 70 years of experience as a spring manufacturer, we have the expertise to create a whole host of springs perfect for any application within any industry.

If you’d like to find out more, please take a look at our ‘springs in various industries’ brochure (PDF) or browse our spring catalogue to find the correct medical springs for your medical components.

We’re delighted to announce that four budding engineers have firmly developed their careers by achieving industry-recognised qualifications at European Springs & Pressings.

As industry-leading spring manufacturers, investing in the future of manufacturing is important to us. Our next generation of engineers has successfully achieved either CITY & GUILDS or BTEC qualifications following a nationally recognised manufacturing apprenticeship framework.

Stuart McSheehy, Managing Director of European Springs & Pressings, says, “The value of apprenticeships can never be underestimated. Training the next generation of our people is crucial to ensure the business has the skills in its people for the future”. 

Stuart McSheehy, Managing Director of European Springs & Pressings, presenting our apprentices with their certificates.

Celebrating our Apprentices

Tyler Stevens

Tyler joined us in 2013 as a Production Operator at the age of 17. Having worked for two years in this role, Tyler enjoyed the challenges he faced at European Springs but wanted to develop and improve his skills. He decided to take a pay cut and became an apprentice at the age of 19. 

The apprenticeship has helped boost his self-confidence and has developed his skills significantly. Tyler did admit that he found the studying difficult, but his motivation to succeed saw him achieve his goal in April 2021.

Tyler is a significant member of our Small Order Springmaker team, working on complex projects, often with the Technical Director.


Alan Lowing

Alan started in 2015, at the age of 18, having already been through sixth form at school. He spent time working in each department during his initial training but developed a specific interest in wire forming. 

While completing his studies in performing engineering operations, he became heavily involved in the productionisation of a new FMU4. Although Alan’s apprenticeship journey has been longer due to his initial studies, he managed to complete his apprenticeship in 2020 whilst working full time. Alan is currently an essential member of the wireforming team and principal setter for the FMU4.


Rob Jenkins

Rob started in 2016 at the age of 19 and spent time working in each department. He developed a real passion for the Press Shop — probably because it had a good rhythm and was loud, like the music his band makes!

Having developed significant skills in this area, Rob has become heavily involved in Bruderer presses and stamping technologies. He is an instrumental part of the Press Shop team in the layout and commissioning of the new press shop extension. 

Rob managed his studies whilst building a life with his partner and recently achieved his goal of being awarded an ADVANCED LEVEL APPRENTICESHIP IN ENGINEERING MANUFACTURE WITH BTEC LEVEL 3 AND NVQ LEVEL 3. Congratulations Rob!

Tom Hever

Tom joined us in 2016, straight from school at the age of 16. Initially, he spent time working in each department during his training but developed an interest in toolmaking, where he liked the order and accuracy of the work.

Having developed a wide range of skills in this area, Tom spent time working on tool repair and assembly. Sticking to his studies, at the end of 2020, Tom achieved his goal of being awarded an ADVANCED LEVEL APPRENTICESHIP IN ENGINEERING MANUFACTURE WITH BTEC LEVEL 3 AND NVQ LEVEL 3. Well done, Tom! 

Tom is currently honing his skills and experience on the EDM machines as a trusted member of the toolmaking team.

Our Managing Director Stuart McSheehy speaks about the importance of our apprenticeships, saying that “not only is this a fantastic achievement for personal development it also inspires the next generation of engineers and spring makers. With the challenges of 2020 behind us we are all very proud to present our latest apprentices with their qualifications.”

By welcoming apprentices every year, we see the benefits of having a development plan in place, and many of our qualified apprentices continue to develop their skills as spring technicians. 

It’s essential to strengthen our knowledge and introduce more diverse skillsets into our workplace, including preparing for future growth within manufacturing.

If you’d like to discuss the potential of joining our team or then please get in touch with our friendly team.


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